Monday, May 18, 2020

Analysis Of The Poem Diving Into The Wreck - 1365 Words

â€Å"Diving into the Wreck†: An Analysis of Women’s Status Change in the Current Society At the beginning of Adrienne Rich’s poem- â€Å"Diving into the Wreck†, the poet uses â€Å"book of myths, camera, knife, body armor, and grave and awkward mask† to start the poem. Through those words, it is hard to tell if she wants to fight for women’s rights, or just â€Å"dive into the wreck.† However, in general, people usually use their cameras to take pictures or record videos to memorialize things that happened to them in the past. Therefore, why does the speaker emphasize loading the camera, and checking the knife in the poem? Going back to the poem, â€Å"First having read the book of myths/ and loaded the camera/and checked the edge of the knife-blade/† the speaker uses reading the book, load the camera, and check the knife to emphasize the process of diving into the ocean to see wrecks. In addition, the speaker wears the body-armor and puts on a mask. Under the 1970s’ context, the women’s movement just starts. So she has to be a soldier to fight for the women’s rights. She has to do it, not only for her, she also tends to help other women to fight for theirs. However, â€Å"alone† underlines her loneliness in fighting during that time. She wants to get some help but nobody can help her or support her. She is alone, therefore, she has to be strong, strengthen herself by the process of diving into the ocean. In the history of the United States, the women’s movement inspired many women to fight for theirShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem Rich s Diving Into The Wreck 1258 Words   |  6 Pages If you were asked to paraphrase what happens in the poem, what would you say? What does it mean to dive into the wreck? Taking Adrienne Rich’s â€Å"Diving into the Wreck† at face value, one may literally summarize the poem by stating that an individual, hearing stories about a wrecked ship, decided to dive down to the fabled ship alone to see it for themselves and found it. However, reading between the lines, one may also feel that the poem is more than just an adventure for the narrator, but ratherRead MoreAnalysis of Diving Into the Wreck813 Words   |  4 PagesAnalysis of Diving Into the Wreck There are many poems in today’s literature that are detailed and paint a picture for the reader. A poem that really stands out is Diving Into the Wreck by Adrienne Rich. Rich is a well known poet born 1929 in Baltimore, Maryland (Milne). She is a very influential poet in the subjects of feminism and the rights of women. Rich’s literary work was released in the early 1970’s which was a trivial and controversial time in the rights of women. Her poem, Diving Into

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Polysemy Definition and Examples

Polysemy is the association of one word with two or more distinct meanings, and a polyseme is a word or phrase with multiple meanings. The word polysemy comes from the Greek for many signs. The adjective forms of the word include  polysemous or polysemic. In contrast, a one-to-one match between a word and a meaning is called monosemy. In The Handbook of Linguistics, William Croft notes: Monosemy is probably most clearly found in specialized vocabulary dealing with technical topics. According to some estimates, more than 40 percent of English words have more than one meaning. The fact that so many words (or lexemes) are polysemous shows that semantic changes often add meanings to the language without subtracting any, says M. Lynne Murphy, in Lexical Meaning. Examples and Observations The word good has many meanings. For example, if a man were to shoot his grandmother at a range of five hundred yards, I should call him a good shot, but not necessarily a good man. – G.K. Chesterton, Orthodoxy, 1909 Have You Met Life Today? – Advertising slogan of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 2001 Now, the kitchen was the room in which we were sitting, the room where Mama did hair and washed clothes, and where each of us bathed in a galvanized tub. But the word has another meaning, and the kitchen Im speaking of now is the very kinky bit of hair at the back of the head, where the neck meets the shirt collar. If there ever was one part of our African past that resisted assimilation, it was the kitchen. – Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Colored People. Alfred A. Knopf, 1994 Polysemy in Language Sports Illustrated can be bought for 1 dollar or 35 million dollars; the first is something you can read and later start a fire with, the second is a particular company that produces the magazine you just read. Such polysemy can give rise to a special ambiguity (He left the bank five minutes ago, He left the bank five years ago). Sometimes dictionaries use history to decide whether a particular entry is a case of one word with two related meanings, or two separate words, but this can be tricky. Even though pupil (eye) and pupil (student) are historically linked, they are intuitively as unrelated as bat (implement) and bat (animal). – Adrian Akmajian, et al., Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication. MIT Press, 2001 The simplest form of this verb is when it signifies movement forward: The advance of the army was rapid. The  word can also mean the state of being in a forward position: We were in advance of the rest of the army. More figuratively, the word can be used to signify promotion in rank or position or salary: His advance to stardom was remarkable. It is also possible to advance an argument in the sense of putting forward reasons for supporting a particular view or course of action: I would like to advance the argument that being in debt is a desirable state while interest rates are so low. – David Rothwell, Dictionary of Homonyms. Wordsworth, 2007 Polysemy in Advertising Common polysemic puns involve words like bright, naturally, clearly, where the advertiser will want both meanings. This headline ran above a picture of a sheep: Take it from the manufacturer. Wool. Its worth more. Naturally. (American Wool Council, 1980) Here the pun is a way of attributing wool, not to a manufacturing industry, but to nature – Greg Myers, Words in Ads. Routledge, 1994 As a Graded Phenomenon We adopt as a working hypothesis the view that almost every word is more or less  polysemous, with senses linked to a prototype by a set of relational semantic principles which incorporate a greater or lesser amount of flexibility. We follow the now common practice in polysemy research and regard polysemy as a graded phenomenon...where contrastive polysemy deals with homonyms such as match (a small stick with a tip which ignites when scraped on a rough surface) and match (contest in a game or sport), whereas complementary polysemy deals with interrelated semantic aspects of a word, such as, in the case of record, for example, the physical object and the music. – Brigitte Nerlich and David D. Clarke, Polysemy and Flexibility. Polysemy: Flexible Patterns of Meaning in Mind and Language. Walter de Gruyter, 2003 The Lighter Side of Polysemy Leave it to Americans to think that no means yes, pissed means angry, and curse word means something other than a word thats cursed! – Excalibur employee in It Hits the Fan. South Park, 2001 Lt. Abbie Mills: You sure you want to stay in this old cabin? Its a bit of a fixer-upper. Ichabod Crane: You and I have very different definitions of old. Seems if a building stays upright for more than a decade, people declare it a national landmark. – Nicole Beharie and Tom Mison in John Doe an episode of the television show Sleepy Hollow, 2013

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Legal Research Of A Small Business With Roberto - 960 Words

Legal Research paper 1/ For starting a small business with Roberto, I strongly believe our business organization will be following to Limited Liability company, LLC, which can be advantageous for providing protection to partners and investors. Both of us have equal rights to manage and have agency to contract for the company. Because of having the first small business together, our business organization do not allow for public offerings and stock sales that we can be easy to control. Also, we have to find one of the best farm for giving the milk, egg, and others organic supplies to make our products which means we need to sign a contract with them for every month. 2/ In my opinion, if we want to start this business, based on Georgia law, we would involve and be sued in trademark infringement law by using the name and logo of another company. The trademark infringement is the using of another’s mark without authorization or permission of the trademark owner. Although they are not cheese package, they have name and logo that look same with cheese package logo. Therefore, they are easy to cause customer to become confused about the products. If we keep choosing their name and logo, we should buy franchise from their companies. However, we will not start this business on this way. Instead of using name and logo of the laughing cow company, we will choose our name and logo differently such as our name will be â€Å"I dream of ice creams† and the logo will be â€Å"An ice cream into aShow MoreRelatedThe Report On Nokia Mobile Phones1741 Words   |  7 PagesThe disadvantages you have internally compared with your competitors. †¢ Opportunities – Current external trends which are waiting to be taken advantage of. †¢ Threats – External movements which may cause a problem and have a negative impact on your business. Sometimes SWOT is referred to as SLOT, where weaknesses are names as liabilities. By working through each of these points it is possible to identify any internal disadvantages or advantages which could benefit or hinder the outcome of a plannedRead MoreIntimate Partner Violence And Women1166 Words   |  5 Pagesvital role in the way that abused women address and cope with their abusive relationships as well as how their community will react to it. With that being said, rural communities lack anonymity. One can assume that living in a small community, everyone’s personal business is known. Quite often, an abuser could have a close relationship with a policeman or judge, which could prevent women from leaving. Devices such as scanners, which broadcast criminal activity, etc in the area, are found in manyRead MoreSources of Capital to Small And Medium Size Enterprise in developing countries1918 Words   |  8 PagesDuring the last two decades Small and medium size enterprises have played an increasingly important role for economies worldwide and continues to be an important tool for economies especially for the growth of developing countries. The main challenge faced is the level of credit risk. The goal for a bank is to maximize the risk - adjusted rate of return; hence managing credit risk is essential for long term profitability and lending. Loans (credits) are the most common credit risk that banks needRead MoreThe Grocery And Supermarket Industry3488 Words   |  14 Pagespreference determine where people get their food, but groceries and supermarkets appear to be a mainstay in the American food market even as substitute distributors grow. Bargaining Power of Buyers: VERY HIGH. Just as grocers can take easily take their business elsewhere when facing unsatisfactory suppliers, so can customers switch to better (read: cheaper) grocers. As Internet use increases buyer access to comparative pricing tools for even the most basic of goods, buyer power builds. Today, 23% of shoppersRead MoreOverview Of The Fashion Industry In Italy2994 Words   |  12 PagesAnalysis of comparative advantage of Italian fashion industry†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..7 Monetary system of Italy†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.8 The legal and physical infrastructure of Italy†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..8 Status of research and innovation infrastructure†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..9 International rankings of Italy†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..9 Cultural and linguistic impact of Italy on business†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..9 Tax structure of Italy†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..10 Relationship with Canada in terms of trade and aid†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreHM Report2508 Words   |  11 PagesTable of contents 1. Introduction 2. Macro environmental analysis (PESTLE- political, economic, social, technology, legal, ecological) 3. Customer analysis 4. Market description 5. SWOT analysis (Strengths, weaknesses, opportunity, threats) 6. Conclusion and Recommendations 7. References P.1 D002 Read MoreAnalysis of Boffis international strategy Essay5901 Words   |  24 Pages3O1LON International business Boffi: Managing internationalisation in luxury goods Executive summary: Nowadays, being competitive isn’t an option but more an obligation. Through this report, we identified the well-known Italian Boffi, specialised in kitchen and bathroom industry. How Boffi did to be one of the most important Italian producers of kitchens and bathrooms in the luxury field? What was its strategy? How can they improve their sales and market share? Those are the questionRead MoreA Analysis of Rational Decision Making Model9334 Words   |  38 PagesDecision Making Hamed Armesh* In this article we have tried to define and make good and comprehensive explanations of decision making process in different situation. because of decision making importance in business we have tried to take a deep look different subjects that are direct and indirectly related to decision making so as we know decision making is the process of selecting a logical choice from among the available options to do that we need to evaluate, analyze and determine which alternativeRead MoreC. Marketing B.3101 Words   |  13 Pagesinstitutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large. A. Selling C. Marketing B. Advertising D. Mixing Markets A (347) 2. The business philosophy of produce as much as you can because there is a limitless market is consistent with which of the following marketing eras? A. production era C. marketing era B. selling era D. customer relationship era B (348) 3.Read MoreStarbucks Coffee Supply Chain3200 Words   |  13 Pagescosts by outsourcing multiple business processes (IMF Staff, 2008). The globalization of Starbucks’ supply chain played a crucial role in attaining organizational success, having a significant impact on its business operations. This report aims to analyze the challenges that globalization presents in a constantly evolving market, and evaluate the solutions that Starbucks has implemented to manage these challenges. 2. Background Starbucks started out as a small coffee retailer in Seattle, Washington

Insular Poverty Essay - 1448 Words

English 102 Insular Poverty 11/3/2012 Nobody wants to be considered to be below the poverty line. Unfortunately, for fourteen percent of the people in this country, that is their reality. Fourteen percent of the people currently living in the United States’ basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met. Poverty is experienced at different levels in different parts of the country. The causes and effects of insular poverty are experienced differently in rural and urban areas in the United States. Insular poverty, defined by John Kenneth Galbraith in his 1969 essay The Position of Poverty, refers to groups of people who are poor because the circumstances of their lives trap them in social islands in which nearly everyone†¦show more content†¦Insular poverty will always exist if action is not taken to get the poor out of these cycles. In urban areas, insular poverty is also caused by housing shortages and homes of inadequate quality (Powell 5). Housing is more than shelter. It is a critical determinant of opportunity in our society. The spatial location and form of housing are important indicators of individual and collective access to social, economic, and political resources (Powell 5). Housing provides social status, access to jobs, education and other services, a framework for the conduct of household work, and a way of structuring economic, social, and political relationships (Powell 5). Housing options among the insular poor in urban areas are typically limited and the homes are usually falling apart. The terrible conditions of this housing can cause economic problems for the people who live in them. When services are limited and inadequate, residents may need to spend their own money to try to fix up their homes. These expenses are huge burdens for people whose incomes are already difficult to live on (Powe ll 5). Improving housing in urban areas would be a huge step in helping many Americans living in poverty better their lives. Urban poverty rates seem to be very high, and are increasing every day. Surprisingly, poverty rates are higher inShow MoreRelatedThe Gospel Of Wealth By Andrew Carnegie1180 Words   |  5 Pagesrelationship of production between the town and country. Unlike the other essays, Marx’s, Communist Manifesto, debunks the separation of classes and urges equal distribution of wealth and, The Position of Poverty, Galbraith’s composition, emphasizes the importance of wealth in the public sector to abolish poverty. The essays all have a common structure of the distribution of wealth and include some insight on how to maintain the distribution or how to alter it so that it is more beneficial to society. CarnegieRead More Poverty in Everyday Use, Sonnys Blues, and The Cathedral Essay863 Words   |  4 PagesPoverty in Everyday Use, Sonnys Blues, and The Cathedral Works Cited Not Included Comparing ?Everyday Use?, ?Sonny?s Blues? and ?The Cathedral?, one can conclude that they share a common meaning. Although all three stories consider poverty as their theme, each chooses to elaborate it in a different manner. In fact, ?Everyday Use? emphasizes on the state of extreme poverty in which certain people live. On the other hand, ?Sonny?s Blues? contributes to the theme by describing the poverty of spiritRead MorePoverty Is Not A Task Of Charity Essay2521 Words   |  11 PagesINTRODUCTION â€Å"Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity; it is an act of justice. Like slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on generation to be great. You can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.†-Nelson Mandela. Poverty at its worst involves hunger leading to starvation, inadequate shelter or housing and lack of clothing. Justice is the idea that all people, everywhereRead MoreThe Impact of National Poverty Eradication Programme (Napep) on Economic Development of Nigeria13910 Words   |  56 PagesTHE IMPACT OF NATIONAL POVERTY ERADICATION PROGRAMME (NAPEP) ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF BWARI MUNICIPAL AREA COUNCIL, FCT, ABUJA) AYOOLA ISAIAH OLUFEMI REG NO. 51026 A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF ADMINISTRATION IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS STUDIES (DBS) JULY 2010 DECLARATION I declare that this research project work was carried out by me through extensive study and readings and that the relevantRead MoreThe Inequality Of Poverty And Poverty1558 Words   |  7 PagesWhy is it that the people in poverty have such a tough time getting out of it? â€Å"Income inequality in the United States is higher than in any other advanced industrial democracy† (Lieberman). In America the poverty gap is continuously increasing throughout the years and no sense of progression is being shown. People in poverty are finding it harder every year to escape their low economic stage . When it comes to poverty it does not mean just having a low income it is a â€Å"condition of having littleRead More The Exploitation of Puerto Rico by the United States Essay3007 Words   |  13 Pagesnot one of morality but one of economic gain. Soon even these taxes were not enough to meet government stipulations because of Puerto Rico’s extraordinary requirements such as provi ding, pay for the soldiers who filled civil positions, pay for the insular police required to maintain order, funds for a multiplication of the island’s schools, and pay for the code commissioners that Congress had sent to redesign the island’s judicial system (Fernandez, 37). Governor Allen decided a solution would beRead MoreSocial Poverty In Daniel Girard, By Daniel Cojocaru981 Words   |  4 Pagesinnocence realtes to the ‘social distinction’ as discussed by Cojocaru. In this way, the scapegoat can be seen as a form of ‘case poverty’ and not indivitive of the larger community, in the eyes of those whom are suffering from ‘insular poverty’. Nevertheless, it seems that the community at large believes the ‘case impoverished’ are responsible for their overall poverty. Also, it is important to note, that scapegoating can be seen as an ancient ritual, Girard recognizes that it still very muchRead MoreAnalysis Of The Novel Ethan Frome 1453 Words   |  6 Pageshis wife, as well as inability to rise out of poverty due to the subsistence nature of farming in New England. The town of Starkfield seemed to be not unlike a â€Å"starved garrison capitulating without quarter† (3) at winter’s end, starving for sunlight and freedom from the brutality of endless snowstorms that blanket the rural Berkshires every year. The â€Å"division between summer residents and locals is especially stark† (Dutton) which leads to the â€Å"insular quality of close-knit communities† (Dutton)Read More Prejudice in To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay3900 Words   |  16 Pagesexplain why there is social and religious prejudice. Maycomb people have very inward looking views and so these views are passed on from generation to generati on. Maycomb town is described well in chapter 1 as it tells us why the people are so insular and inward looking. â€Å"Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town.† This statement puts a negative light on Maycomb and its people. The personification of the word tired emphasises the lack of enthusiasm, about everything,Read MoreA Study of the Different Types of Prejudice Depicted in to Kill a Moc3985 Words   |  16 Pagesexplain why there is social and religious prejudice. Maycomb people have very inward looking views and so these views are passed on from generation to generation. Maycomb town is described well in chapter 1 as it tells us why the people are so insular and inward looking. Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town. This statement puts a negative light on Maycomb and its people. The personification of the word tired emphasises the lack of enthusiasm, about everything, the people

Income Tax Accounts Government Revenue

Question: Describe about the Income Tax Accounts for Government Revenue. Answer: Section one Introduction According to (TaxPolicyDivision, 2016) Income tax accounts for about 40% of the Ireland tax collections. This is a significance source of government revenue and a careful scrutiny of the existing tax system should be regularly conducted to establish its soundness. A good tax system is one which complies with the basic tax principles of efficiency and equity. The nature of taxable income has experienced some significant changes over the years in Ireland and around the world which necessitates a review of existing tax systems in order to accommodate the realised changes. Otherwise, governments will end up losing revenues from this untapped sources (Tax policy division, 2016) Due to the changes identified, the minister of finance introduced some key tax measures in his 2017 budget in order to address the pointed issues. The measures were carefully formulated to ensure that tax receivable will increase as a result of tapping into the new sources and at the same time reduce the tax burden on taxpayers. The new tax measures which were introduced in 2017 budget included a reduction in USC tax rates by 0.5% on the first three lower USC tax groups which basically affects the middle and low income earners, an Increase of home carer credit from 1000 to 1100 and Increase in Earned income credit to taxpayers in self-employment from 550 to 950 among other measures (Cahill taxation services, 2016) Section two Discussion of the new tax measures in 2017 budget The tax measures adopted in the budget were to a have favourable tax impacts on various classes of taxpayers who were affected by the measures. It was in line with Social justice of Ireland which was advocating for an efficient tax system which will achieve the required tax take and guarantee a sustainable economic growth .This was to be achieved through reforms in the existing tax system which were considered inefficient. The proposed reforms were incorporated in the 2017 budget and included the following (Social Justice Ireland, 2016). a) Reduction of three lower USC categories charges by 0.5% The minister in 2017 budget reduced the rate of each of the three lower categories of USC by 0.5%. This was in line with the proposed changes to the existing tax system which was considered inefficient according to Ireland justice social system. The 2017 budget was supposed to deal with low levels of living standards which were existing in the country. The existing low levels of standards of living was as a result of recession witnessed by Ireland in prior years. Therefore, by lowering the rates, the living standards of the majority citizens who are low and middle-income taxpayers will increase. This is because they will have more disposable income as a result of paying fewer taxes (Social Justice Ireland, 2016) In addition, the tax measure was meant to reduce the gap between the high earning and low-middle income taxpayers. This was aimed to ensure that there was an equal distribution of wealth among citizens in the country. Also, reduction in USC rates had an effect of encouraging self-employment of citizens which will translate to low unemployment rates as more jobs will be created through the tax savings realised by the reduction of the rates. Another notable impact on the reduction of USC was that Irish immigrants will return back home and contribute largely to the Ireland GDP through doing business and going to formal employment .There was a survey done sometimes back which showed that Irish immigrants were reluctant to return home because of the current tax system which was seen to overburden the taxpayers (Irish Tax Institute, 2016) The tax implications on the income of taxpayers as a result of the measure introduced can be illustrated by comparing the effects on disposable income before the tax measure and after the introduction. By taking a hypothetical case involving taxpayers A B who are married couples and their sources of income are as follows. A is self-employed earning 50000p.a and B is employed earning 40000 p.a., the effects of their income as a result of the tax measure can be established as follows. A B Tax computation Illustration On Tax effects 2016 2017 Gross Income 90,000.00 90,000.00 Less Pension Contribution @ 4.5% p.a 4,050.00 4,050.00 Net Taxable income 85,950.00 85,950.00 Income tax Liability 15,360.00 14,960.00 PRSI 3,600.00 3,600.00 USC 3,536.00 3,081.00 Gross tax liability 22,496.00 21,641.00 Take Home Income 63,454.00 64,309.00 Amount of savings as result of the tax measure 855.00 Tax savings as result of the tax measure 1% Observation Assuming no tax credits was given, it is evident from the comparison of the disposable income above that a reduction in USC tax rates leads to increase in disposable income for the couple A B of 855 in the year 2017 by 1%. b) Increase in Home carer Credit from 1000 to 1100 p.a This is credit given to taxpayers who are taking care of the elderly of age 65 years and above, children and incapacitated persons in their homes. The condition to qualify for the credit is that the taxpayer must be a couple who are assessed as one for tax purposes and are both working(Commissioners, 2016). This is restricted to earnings of 7200 per year. It is given by the government to encourage taxpayers to take care of the qualifying class of persons. The government will save on transfer payments if this class of persons are taken care of by the taxpayers. The overall impact of the credit is that it will increase the disposable income of the taxpayer and at the same time save on government transfer payments(Michael Noonan, 2016) Below is an illustration of the effects of the tax measure using the case of couple A B by comparing the effects on disposable income in years 2016 and 2017 which represents a period before the tax measure and after the measure. Assume the only credit given is carers home credit. A B Tax computation Illustration On Tax effects 2016 2017 Gross Income 90,000.00 90,000.00 Less Pension Contribution @ 4.5% p.a 4,050.00 4,050.00 Net Taxable income 85,950.00 85,950.00 Income tax Liability 15,360.00 14,960.00 PRSI 3,600.00 3,600.00 USC 3,536.00 3,081.00 Gross tax liability 22,496.00 21,641.00 Less Tax Credits Carers Credit - - Net Tax Liability 22,496.00 21,641.00 Take Home Income 63,454.00 64,309.00 Amount of Tax savings as result of the tax measure 855.00 Tax savings as result of the tax measure 1% Observations It is established that the tax measure will not affect taxpayer AB disposable income since there is no change as a result of the measure. This is because AB are not entitled to this type of credit as their yearly earnings are more than 7,200. However, it will affect couples whose earning per year is less than 7,200 p.a and will be expected lounge a tax claim refund with the government each fiscal year. c) Increase in Earned income credit from 550 to 950 Earned income credit is a kind tax credit which applies only to self-employed taxpayers. The increase in this credit will translate to increase in disposable income of the self-employed citizens. This will lead to increase in standards of living for this category of taxpayers since their tax burden will be lowered. The government introduced this credit in an effort to reduce the tax differences between employed taxpayers and the self-employed. Employed taxpayers were entitled to PAYE in addition to other tax credits they qualify for while self-employed taxpayers had no credit equivalent to PAYE hence ended paying more taxes. This was against the principle of equity. In addition, the government introduced this credit to encourage more citizens to venture into self-employment and entrepreneurship which could stir more growth in the economy (Michael Noonan, 2016) Below is an illustration of the effects of the increase in Earned income credit on A B and the overall effects on the three tax measures introduced in 2017 budget. A B Tax computation Illustration On Tax effects 2016 2017 Gross Income 90,000.00 90,000.00 Less Pension Contribution @ 4.5% p.a 4,050.00 4,050.00 Net Taxable income 85,950.00 85,950.00 Income tax Liability 15,360.00 14,960.00 PRSI 3,600.00 3,600.00 USC 3,536.00 3,081.00 Gross tax liability 22,496.00 21,641.00 Less Tax Credits Carers Credit - - Personal Tax credit 3,300.00 3,300.00 PAYE credit 1,650.00 1,650.00 Earned Income Credit 550.00 950.00 Net Tax Liability 16,996.00 15,741.00 Take Home Income 68,954.00 70,209.00 Amount of Tax savings as result of the tax measure 1,255.00 Tax savings as result of the tax measure 2% Section three Conclusion The three tax measures introduced in the 2017 budget will result to the realisation of more disposable income of Irish taxpayers affected. For example, in the case of taxpayer AB, the overall effects of the three tax measures combined is an increase of 2% on their disposable income. This will result in a realisation of government objectives of having a fair tax system which is more productive. Like in this case, more taxpayers will realise more disposable income which will translate to improvement standards of living. Also, citizens will be encouraged to create more jobs through SMEs and to take up formal employment (Department of Finance, 2016). References board, C. I., 2016. Citizens Information Budget 2017. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 October 2016]. CTS, C. t. S., 2016. Income Tax Reform Plan. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 October 2016]. Finance, D. O., 2016. Summary of 2017Budget measures Policy Changes, Dublin: Stationery Office. institute, I. T., 2016. Removing the Paye tax credit - The impact on Ireland's competitiveness. [Online] Available at: tax Tax Policy and Practice Irish Tax Policy [Accessed 16 October 2016]. Ireland, S. J., 2016. Budget Choices, Dublin: Social Justice Ireland. Mr Michael Noonan, T., 2016. Financial Statement of the Minister for Finance. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 October 2016]. Revenue, R. I. t. a., 2016. Home Carer Tax Credit. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16 October 2016]. TaxPolicyDivision, 2016. Income Tax Reform Plan 2016, Dublin: Department of Finance.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Goblin Market A Poetic Tale of Laura, Lizzie and the Goblins free essay sample

In the narrative poem, Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti, we can see many themes such as abuse, virtue, temptation, sexuality, and sisterhood being portrayed in the text. The Goblin Market is about two sisters, Lizzie and Laura, and the goblins that they encounter while fetching water down by the river one evening. The two sisters are very close to one another, and when they encounter the goblins, Lizzie immediately tells Laura to not speak with the goblins. Laura, ignoring her sisters plea, decides to stay by the river and is drawn to the goblins cries to buy their forbidden fruit. Lizzie, knowing better, then runs home, trying not to give into the same temptation her sister has. The main themes that stand out in this descriptive poem are the forbidden fruit(in other words, temptation), sexuality and exploitation, and finally sisterhood. These are all themes that we can relate to in our everyday life, such as being tempted by things that are not necessarily good for us, being so concerned for a family member that you would do anything to save them if they were in danger or harms way, and also being so blinded by your desire that you cannot see clearly to decipher if something is bad/good for you. Rossetti displays all of these relatable terms, among others, in her writing and wraps them up in a fantasy themed poem with sexual undertones. To start off, one of the biggest and most obvious themes in the Goblin Market, is the theme of temptation, and being obvious to the dangers of what you seek because you are blinded by your desire for the object you seek. For example, in the poem after Lizzie runs away from Laura and the goblins with her hands over her ears, Laura stays and lingers there and wonders at the goblins, caught in their trap, â€Å"She heard a voice like voice of doves, cooing all together, they sounded kind and full of loves in the pleasant weather. †(Rossetti lines 77-80) In this stanza we see Laura describing what the goblins sounds like to her, as they sound pleasant like the â€Å"voice of doves. Generally, when someone describes a goblin, they are not visually or vocally pleasing, and when Laura describes them, â€Å"One had a cat’s face, one whisk’d a tail, one tramp’d at a rat’s pace, one crawl’d like a snail, one like a wombat prowl’d obtuse and furry, one like a ratel tumbled hurry scurry. †(Rossetti lines 71-76) She is describing them physically very different than they way she is describing them vocally, and the doves in the lines symbolize the how sweet a nd tempting and seemingly â€Å"innocent† something can appear to be, but is in fact the complete opposite. In another stanza we see that after Laura has had her fill of fruit, she still desires to have more, she is still planning to give in to temptation again, â€Å"â€Å"Nay, hush,† said Laura: â€Å"Nay, hush, my sister: I ate and ate my fill, yet my mouth waters still; to-morrow night I will buy more;† and kiss’d her:†(Rossetti lines 165-170) This shows that while Laura may have given into temptation once, she is likely to do it again and again, as long as it appears to be tempting. This is something a lot of people can relate to, as it is human nature to always want more than we have. Secondly, another popular theme concerning Goblin Market is the themes of sexuality and exploitation. The poem in general has a lot of sexual undertones, although it was supposedly a children narrative poem, it has incestuous undertones and lustful words and imagery. To give a few examples, one excellent one is when Laura is attempting to buy the fruit that the goblins are selling, yet she does not have any money to give them, â€Å"But sweet-tooth Laura spoke in haste: â€Å"Good folk, I have no coin; to take were to purloin: I have no copper in my purse, I have no silver either, and all my gold is on the furze that shakes in windy weather, above the rusty heather. † â€Å"You have much gold upon your head,† they answer’d all together: â€Å"Buy from us with a golden curl. † She clipped a precious golden lock, She dropped a tear more rare than pearl, then suck’d their fruit globes fair or red:. (Rossetti lines 115-125) This is a fantastic example of symbolism in the poem, as Laura admits that she does not have any money to give the goblins, they offer her a deal that for a piece of her golden hair, she may have what she desires. During this process, she is essentially giving away a part of her body in order to have what she wants, and although it is just a piece of her hair, she is literally selling herself to her temptations, and using her body as a payment for the forbidden fruit. This in itself is extremely sexual, as Laura is exploiting her own body for her temptations. Another more obvious sexual excerpt from the poem is when Lizzie comes back from trying to get the fruit from the goblins in order to save Laura’s life as she is wasting away and aging prematurely, â€Å"She cried, â€Å"Laura,† up the garden, â€Å"Did you miss me? come and kiss me. never mind my bruises, hug me, kiss me, suck my juices, squeezed from goblin fruits for you, goblin pulp and goblin dew. eat me, drink me, love me; Laura, make much of me; for your sake I have braved the glen and had to do with goblin merchant men. (Rossetti lines 465-475) This quotation is extremely explicit when showing the sexual themes in Goblin Market, besides the most obvious reasons, but also it shows incestuous relations between Laura and Lizzie with sexual words like â€Å"eat, suck, drink, love†. This type of relationship between two women, especially two sisters is extremely taboo and would be unheard of in real life in the era that Rossetti was writing in, thus making i t seem unlikely that this story was intended for a younger audience. The sexual nature is relatable to almost all people, at some point in a human life, they will experience sexual desire and lust, and may even experience taboo feelings depending on the person, and through Goblin Market, they can connect with have feelings of a sexual nature for someone you care about. Finally, to move onto the last theme of this poem, sisterhood. Laura and Lizzie are shown to be extremely close and care a great deal for each other, they live together, care for one another, do chores around the house together, and they even sleep with one another in the same bed. These are cases in which a sisterly bond, or a family bond, can be formed. Lizzie would do anything to be able to save Laura, and warns and fears for her safety by telling her not to talk to the goblin men. When Laura becomes ill from eating the goblins fruit and is very near death, Lizzie is worried that she will lose her sister forever, so she takes it upon herself to go and see the goblin men. They attack her for attempting to buy the fruit with a penny instead of her body and she is subjected to abuse and degradation at the cost of her devotion and love to her sister. Even after all of this has been done and she comes back to her sister after the attack and still worried about her, â€Å"Life out of death. That night long Lizzie watch’d by her, counted her pulse’s flagging stir, felt for her breath, held water to her lips, and cool’d her face, with tears and fanning leaves. (Rossetti lines 525-530) Out of devotion and care for her sister, she sits by her side all night and brings water to her lips, and checks her pulse and breathe to make ure that she is alive, it is very obvious that Lizzie cares very much for her sister. This is probably one of the most relatable stanzas in the poem for me personally, because I believe everyone has someone that they care for so much that they would do anything for that person, and through this scene we see Lizzie’s devotion and love for her sister, and we are able to take that back into our own lives and relate. In conclusion, The Goblin Market has many scenes that we can take back into our own lives and relate to in great detail, and it certainly has its controversial yet interesting themes implanted into its text that anyone reading would be able to reminisce on their own life and relate on the themes of temptation, sexuality, and sisterhood/family. Worked Cited â€Å"Goblin Market† Christina Rossetti. April, 1862.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Media Influence on Society (Smoking) Essay Example

Media Influence on Society (Smoking) Essay The mass media, some may argue that It Is for the common good, others say It Is all brainwash hyped up by publicity, who is the one at fault, or can they both be correct? Throughout the decades the media has grown exponentially with the advance of technology. It all started out with the telegraph, moved to the radio, newspapers, magazines, television and now the World Wide Web. Today people live in a social community, between testing, Faceable, Twitter, TV, Magazines, or newspapers, people are always being informed of what is going on. Oh a day to day axis, people base their decisions off of knowledge, experience, values, and attitudes. When people work, they base what they do off of what they have learned from their experience and studies. However in their daily lives, they rely on the mass media to fill them in with current news and what they want to be aware of. People put their trust into todays media, but the media does have a positive and negative affect on the way people are channeling the Information being dealt. A way that the mass media Is positive has to be looked at from a technologies way of view. We will write a custom essay sample on Media Influence on Society (Smoking) specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Media Influence on Society (Smoking) specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Media Influence on Society (Smoking) specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Technology helps reduce the distance for its users; the world would Just me to be smaller due to the increased communication and access information. Staying connected also helps people stay In tuned with that Is going on In the world. Getting news feed sent directly to smartness, laptops, and Pads Is Just an everyday occurrence. Cinema, radio, television, magazines are a school of inattention: people look without seeing, listen in without hearing (Robert Browser). Even Browser would have to agree that people do not even realize that they are being flooded by the mass media. The mass media makes billions on the commercials, ads, and publicity that people are exposed to. People buy what they might think is a good item based on what they see or hear TV, the radio, magazine, or newspaper ads. How can people be so sure that what they are buying Is the best available Item, or Is It the best available Item that the media dons upon them? These are the effect that the media has on teens, they buy what they see the hottest celebrities wearing, or what their favorite actor or singer is selling. Apparently there are some positive and negative influences on teens. In a negative type of way, teens may see the commercials for cigarettes, cigars, and alcohol as being cool and acceptable. This might give them an excuse to give drugs a try and might even leave a permanent habit that they can carry onto their children. Besides the obvious fact of tobacco and alcoholic products being a negative Influence on teens, fast food chains are also polluting the minds of the young, developing teens. McDonalds showing their annual commercial for the Micro, or Taco Bell advertising their value menu will call out to kids seeing that these foods are cheap and delicious but not knowing that they are filled with saturated fats, trans fats, and high sodium content may lead to obesity, high blood pressure, high holster, or diabetes If eaten excessively. Joe Kelly from PBS says, Theyre talking to pre-pubescent girls about managing their calorie intake!! With Campbell soup, of all things an All-American family company. This is crazy! I saw the ad on the Rosier ODonnell snow. Overall AT our memoirs saw It Ana sent me e-mails saying, Have you seen this ad, its crazy (Kelly). Along with obesity, society puts this image in teens heads on how they should look, having bulging biceps and a cut 6-pack maybe the ideal body for guys but it may not work out for all males, and achieving that type of body takes a lot or training and dedication. Being stick thin as a girl may also be as unhealthy or ma ybe even unhealthier than obesity. Anorexia is also a chance when young girls are starving themselves trying to fit into a 00, and looking like a Victorians Secret model. On the other hand the media does have a positive effect on teens. Some might think that the media has negative influences on society, there are certain shows and ads that persuade teens to be a better them. Today we are beginning to notice that the new media are not Just mechanical gimmicks for creating worlds of illusion, but new languages with new and unique powers of expression Marshall Mclean). When Mclean says this, he is acknowledging that the media has an influence in society by changing society for the greater good and potentially evolving humans to be smarter. When it comes to shows like The Biggest Loser or Extreme Home Makeover, they provide a great influence on kids to get out there and make a change, whether it is losing some excess weight to get down to a healthy more comfortable size that they are not so self-conscious about, or doing some volunteer work in their community to change someone elses life in a positive way. Also teens are at a stage in their life where they do not quite know who they are and area looking for a sign of acceptance. They want to be accepted by their parents, role models, peers, and they Just want to be loved and successful. The media creates this ideal image that teens want to match, kids see fancy cars, nice houses, and extravagant parties and the only thing on their mind is, l want to be Just like them, or l wish I had that kind of money. In a way, the media pushes kids to achieve success, by getting a better education and really trying in school to be that lawyer, or hat film director, or that brain surgeon. In my opinion, even though the media has positive influences on our society it is masked by the mass majority of negativity. Some young minds are intellectual enough to see around the publicity and propaganda, but to others that are brainwashed, it may be hard to see what is real and what the media wants to be seen as real. When William Branch said, All of us who professionally use the mass media are the shapers of society. We can vulgarize that society. We can brutalize it. Or we can help lift it onto a higher level (William Branch). He is stating that people can either take the media for being good or bad, and how people interpret that and use it in their everyday life is all on them. When it comes down to reality shows like Laguna Beach, Gossip Girls, or The Hills; the mass media puts off teenage life as being this rich and spoiled but when in reality, these kids are Just one in a million that have overly wealthy parents. These shows teach kids the value of quality over quantity, but not in any kind of realistic way. When kids watch these shows, they want what all the kids have on TV, they want the $140 pair of Arabian sunglasses, rather than the $6. 99 pair they can pick at Target across the street. Another value that kids are learning from the media is violence. The effects of violence in the media can be traumatic for growing children that are in the process of shaping their personality traits, values, and beliefs. In the past years, there have been incidents of school shootings and playground violence and those events have Eden lanker to excessive use AT violent peeve games Ana grapnel war Images. I neuron video games like Call of Duty, kids are thinking that war is a form of entertainment, UT in reality war is a serious issue that should not be taken lightly. Over all, whether some may think that the mass media may either be a good thing or bad influence, the public can come to a mutual agreement that the world would not be the same without the mass media. People use the media on a daily basis, keeping in tune to what is going on is important, whether it is something less important like what Lad Gaga wore to the Grammas, to the latest earthquake that struck California. Malcolm X once said, The medias the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and thats power. Because they control the minds of the masses (Malcolm X). Even though the mass media is linked to spreading hyped up fake news like a wildfire, but on the safe side, it helps a lot to inform people about the realities as well. Media has a constructive role to play for the society. The media focuses on social issues in almost every era. Issues in society are always raised in order to provide Justice to the people. Being born and raised in LA and having an older sister that I was pretty much attached to the hip at, I felt like I was always into self-image and always wanting the est. of the best things. I was spoiled as a kid and into my preteen age by my sister, she always seemed to buy me brand named clothing when honestly, I Just wanted something comfortable. I think the psychology term of Nature vs.. Nurture really came into play here. The whole idea of Nature vs.. Nurture is that we are all born with a set personality, this is who we are and this will never really change, that is our nature side. Our nurture side is how we were raised, the different things that our parents tell us to do or not to do mold our nature side and ultimately makes us who we are today. I think my nature was really about sports and I was nurtured into fashion and other material goods. I feel like the media has had an exponential influence on my sister, who was my role model growing up, and that really made me who I am today. Like I said before, I am no better than anyone else, I look up to the media for guidance because I feel like I would be lost without it, but I think it is good that I can admit up to that and can see clearly how the mass media influences me. The wrong is the fact that society today believes that whatever is in the media is socially acceptable to the common populous. When these beliefs revolve around bad influential things then children grow up believing that these are all acceptable and just the way the world really is. It is harmful for the future of our societies and also spread ignorance around the world. We have to realize that although sex, pain and suffering makes for a good story, it should be taken as it is, very bad, and not be glorified in any way. There should be limitations to freedom of speech as some things people can get away with are utterly disgusting. Look at Camel cigarettes, the image here is their Marci Grass Limited Edition flavored packs.